Kisi-kisi Bahasa Inggris

Rabu, 08 Desember 2010

1. Report Text
General Structure:
1. General classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general
2. Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials


2. Narrative Text
General structure of Narrative text :

  1. Orientation : It set the scene and introduce the participants (it answers the question : who, when, what, and where).
  2. Complication : Tells the problems of the story and how the main characters solve them.
  3. Resolution :The crisis is revolved, for better or worse.
  4. Re-orientation :The ending of the story.

3. Analytical Exposition Text
Exposition is a text that elaborates the writer‘s idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Its social function is to persuade the reader that the idea is important matter.
Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition
1. Thesis: Introducing the topic and indicating the writer’s position
2. Arguments: Explaining the arguments to support the writer’s position
3. Reiteration: Restating the writer’s position

4. Conditional Sentence
bentuk bentuknyo:
- Type 1: If + present, future
[using Vi (s/es) samo to be (am is are)]
contoh: If Yopi studies hard, he will understand the lesson
            If Papaw is sweet, Iky will love him
- Type II: If + past, past future
kalo past, make V2 samo were
kalo past future, make would + V1. tapi kalo dak ado verb, pake would + be + adj/adv
contoh: If today were saturday, I would gp tp the cinema
Fact -> today isn't Saturday, I won't go to the cinema
inget yo, fact yo harus dalam present tense!

5. Relative Pronoun (who, whom, which, whose)

1. Who: menggantikan subject MANUSIA, setelah who diikuti verb atau to be (am/is/are/was/were/dll)
contoh: The students missed the assignment. They were absent.
--------> The students who were absent missed the assignments.
inget yoo, subjectnyo jangan diulang lagi, langsung verb atau tobe bae.

2. Whom: menggantikan object, setelah whom diikuti subject lagi.
e.g: I ran into an old friend. I hadn't seen him for years.
----> I ran into an old friend whom I hadn't seen for years.
inget yoo, objectnyo dak perlu ditulis lagi.

3. WHich: menggantikan subject maupun object BENDA.
e.g:  I am reading a book. It was written by Mart Twain.
---> I am reading a book which was written by Mark Twain.

4. Whose: menggantikan kepunyaan.
e.g: The instructor gives difficult test. I failed her course.
---> The instructer whose course I failed gives difficult test.

6. Passive Voice
secara umumnyo, to be + V3
tapi, setiap tenses beda bentuk kawan
1) Present Tense: am/is/are + V3
contoh: Mom cooks rice
-------> Rice is cooked by mom

2) Past Tense: was/were + V3
e.g: Yopi sang a song
---> A song was sung by Yopi

3) Future Tense: will be + V3
e.g: Panca will shoot Mayang
---> Mayang will be shot by Panca

4) Continous/ Progressive Tense: am, is, are / was, were + being + V3
e.g: Papaw is visiting Aya
---> Aya is being visited by Papaw

5) Perfect Tense: have/has + been + V3
e.g: Kiki has played dolls
---> Dolls have been played by Kiki

EXCEPTION:
1. No passive: I sleep in my room
2. No active: Yopi was born in Madagaskar
3. No by - phrase : This school was built by people in 1986


note: kato miss fikha, yang proverbs (peribahasa) itu dak usah dipelajari, dak masuk US. Semangat yo kawan-kawan! ;;)

by: TIMSES US BAHASA INGGRIS (helsi dan nazo)

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